machine learning

Feature Engineering

Data Pre-processing(Transformation) Normalization sigmoid normalization 0-1 normalization ((bla – min(bla)) / ( max(bla) – min(bla) )) z-score Gaussian normalization (Gaussian kernel) Box-cox transformation log transformation Tukey’s Ladder of Powers   Feature Engineering image speech text time series: entropy, approximate entropy, sample entropy Data Visualization Statistics Histogram Density estimation: kernal density estimation (Parzen–Rosenblatt window) Feature Selection… Continue reading Feature Engineering

data science · machine learning

Classification

Elements of a model Objective Model structure (e.g. variables, formula, equation, parameters) Model assumptions Parameter estimates and interpretation Model fit (e.g. goodness-of-fit tests and statistics) Model selection LDA generative model model p(x|y) as multivariate Gaussian, Both classes have the same covariance matrix, Σ QDA Each class has their own Σ Naive Bayes generative model Assume the xj… Continue reading Classification

Big Data · data science · machine learning · programming

Apache Hadoop (projects)

QUESTIONS setInputFormat comparator top k frequent words HADOOP SYSTEM Apache Hadoop is an open source software framework for storage and large scale processing of data-sets on clusters of commodity hardware. HDFS(Hadoop distributed file system): data storage (data split and data replication) Map Reduce(data processing): how to leverage job; how do nodes communicate; how to deal with node… Continue reading Apache Hadoop (projects)

data science · machine learning

Time Series Analysis

TIME SERIES BASICS Difference between regression and time series: time series are not necessarily independent and not necessarily identically distributed.  They are lists of observations where the ordering matters.  Ordering is very important because there is dependency and changing the order could change the meaning of the data. Characteristics: Is there a trend,  on average, the… Continue reading Time Series Analysis

data science · machine learning

Stats and Probability Theory

How to choose a statistical model? Are My data Normally Distributed? Problems: Excess kurtosis (forth moment, very big tails, due to extreme values away from the mean) Excess skewness (third moment, lopsided) Others: lognormal (a RV whose logarithm is normally-distributed), uniform, weibull, exponential… Routine: Histogram (largely depends on the bin size) Stem and leaf plots… Continue reading Stats and Probability Theory